The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum
The Foundation Stage includes Nursery and Reception. The children in the Foundation Stage will have the opportunity to learn in a creative play based environment set up to include whole class teaching, small group time and one to one activities with an adult. Children will have the opportunity to explore and extend their skills in all curriculum areas.
The areas of learning include:
- Understanding of the world
- Physical development
- Communication, language and literacy
- Expressive arts and design
- Personal, social and emotional development
- Reading, writing and phonics
Supporting Early Years Learning
A recent Ofsted Survey stated that parents or co-educators play a vital role in promoting achievement. We welcome parental contributions such as sharing of a language, making presentations, suggesting ideas for topics or resources and reinforcing learning at home. At home, you are likley to be reading to your children, helping them learn colours, days of the week, nursery rhymes, tell stories and play games invloving counting and matching. You will be helping them to learn about personal safety and teaching them self-care skills.
Children in Reception will be taught to read through a multi-sensory approach in classrooms rich in environmental print. Short and discrete daily sessions will introduce Grapheme-phoneme Correspondence, blending and segmenting.
This will involve using a structured reading scheme and a variety of books which include picture, poetry, fiction and non-fiction. Children will be encouraged to read aloud during whole class sessions. Guided, shared and individual reading will occur several times a week.
Children in Reception will be encouraged to use their phonic knowledge to write simple regular words and make phonetically plausible attempts at more complex words. They will be taught to use the correct pencil grip to aid them in forming recognisable letters.
Children will explore the meaning and sounds of new words and begin to use story language such as 'Once upon a time' and 'in the end'. This will extend their pre-writing skills. They will learn to write their name, labels and captions and begin to form simple sentences. They will begin to use punctuation such as capital letters and full stops.
Learning to write will involve formal and informal teaching. Planned play areas such garages, building sites, hair saloons and shops will promote writing menus, reservation lists, recipes and receipts. Children will use a variety of writing tools including: crayons, pencils, chalk, pastels, paint brushes and felt pens. Ongoing activities to strengthen fine and gross motor skills will contribute to developing good handwriting.
Mathematical skills will be enhanced in a safe, secure, carefully planned learning environment. Topics of interest and creative activities such as cooking, playing in sand and water and exploring properties of objects ensure meaningful contexts and the extension of mathematical thinking.
The outdoor environment will enable the children to investigate shape, distance and measures. They will be able to arrange, compare and order natural materials. Children will have opportunities to use mathematical language and practice concepts of addition and subtraction in cookery stations, garden centres and building sites.
The indoor environment will enable children to discover things about numbers, counting and calculating through practical situations. For example, counting the blocks they used in the structures and models they create will help to extend their knowledge of number, shape and space.